malice

Imam Malik – those who Diminish the Status of the Sahaba Have no Right in the War Booty

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La-ghaliba-illa-Allah

Imam Malik ibn Anas (d.179AH) has said:

“Whosoever diminishes the status of anyone from among the companions of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), or harbours in their heart, any malice/spite towards them, then they have no right in the war booty of the Muslims.”

Then he recited the saying of Allah (Mighty and Sublime is He):

“Whatever Allah has bestowed upon His Messenger…” [59:6]

until he came upon Allah’s statement (Mighty and Sublime is He):

“…Those who came after them would say: Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith” [59:10]

– thus whosoever diminishes their status, or harbours in their heart, any malice/spite towards them, has no right in the war booty.”

[Dhiya al-Din al-Maqdisi al-Hanbali (d.643AH), al-Nahy ‘an Sabb al-Ashab wa ma fiha min al-Ithm wa al-‘Iqab]

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قَالَ مَالِكُ بْنُ أَنَسٍ : ” مَنْ تَنَقَّصَ أَحَدًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ، أَوْ كَانَ فِي قَلْبِهِ عَلَيْهِمْ غِلٌّ ، فَلَيْسَ لَهُ حَقٌّ فِي فَيْءِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ ، ثُمَّ تَلَا قَوْلَ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ : مَا أَفَاءَ اللَّهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ سورة الحشر آية 6 حَتَّى أَتَى عَلَى قَوْلِهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ : وَالَّذِينَ جَاءُوا مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لَنَا وَلإِخْوَانِنَا الَّذِينَ سَبَقُونَا بِالإِيمَانِ سورة الحشر آية 10 ، فَمَنْ يُنْقِصْهُمْ أَوْ كَانَ فِي قَلْبِهِ عَلَيْهِمْ غِلٌّ فَلَيْسَ لَهُ فِي الْفَيْءِ حَقٌّ

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