Month: October 2013

Imam Murtadha al-Zabidi – Ahl al-Sunna wa al-Jama’a Are the Ash’aris & Maturidis

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In his commentary on Imam al-Ghazzali’s Ihya ‘Ulum al-Din, al-Imam al-Hafidh Murtadha al-Zabidi al-Hanafi (d.1205AH) says that the ahl al-sunna wa al-jama’a are the Ash’aris and Maturidis:

When (the term) ahl al-sunna wa al-jama’a is mentioned, then what is meant by them are the Ash’aris and Maturidis. Al-Khayali said in his footnotes to Sharh al-‘Aqa’id al-Asha’ira:

They (the Ash’aris) are the ahl al-sunna wa al-jama’a. This is well-known in the lands of Khurasan, ‘Iraq, Sham and most of the regions, as well as in the lands beyond the river (Transoxania) – which applies to the Maturidis, who are the companions of al-Imam Abu Mansur (al-Maturidi). The two groups differ in a few issues like the issue of takwin, and other than it.” (end quote from al-Khayali).

And al-Kustuli said in his footnotes in regards to them (ahl al-sunna wa al-jama’a):

“What is well known among the ahl al-sunna in the lands of Khurasan, ‘Iraq, Sham, and most of the regions, is that they (the ahl al-sunna) are the Ash’aris – the companions of Abu al-Hasan al-Ash’ari; the first of those who diverged away from Abu ‘Ali al-Jubba’i and returned from his doctrine to the sunna ie. the way of the Prophet – may salutations and peace of Allah be upon him – and the jama’a ie. the way of the companions – may Allah be well pleased with them – and in the lands beyond the river, they are the Maturidis; the companions of Abu Mansur al-Maturidi; the student of Abu Nasr al-‘Ayadhi; the student of Abu Bakr al-Jawzjani; the companion of Muhammad ibn al-Hasan (al-Shaybani); the companion of al-Imam Abu Hanifa”.

[Murtadha al-Zabidi, Ithaf al-Sada al-Muttaqin, Pt.2, Pg. 6, Ch. 2]

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وقال الحافظ الزبيدي في الإتحاف الجزء الثاني صحيفة 6 الفصل الثاني : اذا أطلق أهل السنة والجماعة فالمراد بهم الأشاعرة والماتريدية قال الخيالي في حاشيته علي شرح العقائد الاشاعرة هم أهل السنة والجماعة هذا هو المشهور في ديار خراسان والعراق والشام وأكثر الأقطار وفي ديار ما وراء النهر يطلق ذلك علي الماتريدية أصحاب الإمام أبي منصور بين الطائفتين أختلاف في بعض المسائل كمسئلة التكوين وغيرها اه وقال الكستلي في حاشيته عليه المشهور من أهل السنة في ديار خراسان والعراق والشام وأكثر الاقطار هم الأشاعرة أصحاب أبي الحسن الأشعري أول من خالف أبا علي الجبائي ورجع عن مذهبه إلي السنة أي طريق النبي صلي الله عليه وسلم والجماعة أي طريقه الصحابة رضي الله عنهم وفي ديار ما وراء النهر الماتريدية أصحاب أبي منصور الماتريدي تلميذ أبي نصر العياضي تلميذ أبي بكر الجوزجاني صاحب محمد بن الحسن صاحب الإمام أبي حنيفة

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The Wasiyya of Shaykh Muhammad Hayat al-Sindi al-Madani al-Ash’ari

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The following is the Wasiyya (advice) of al-Shaykh al-‘Allama al-Muhaddith Muhammad Hayat al-Sindi al-Madani al-Ash’ari (d. 1163 AH):

The first thing which is necessary for man to learn is that by the means of which he may rectify his beliefs. He should then learn those actions and characteristics with which he will be able to obtain the love of Allah. He should avoid what is disliked in terms of actions. He should then strive in the performance of what is commanded and leave that which is prohibited – with sincerity – for the sake of the Lord of all creation. He should repent and seek forgiveness for each and every mistake to the best of his ability. He should think of himself as the lowest of all existence, and know that his Master is aware over him in every regard. He should remember death and the suffering which he will face from it’s agonies, as well as the grave and the many difficulties which lie therein. He should equip himself with the best of good deeds. He should remember the resurrection from the grave and what he will face after it in terms of terrifying atrocities. He should not forget the reckoning, and the presentation of the book, nor the weighing of the good and the bad deeds. He should not be heedless of the fire in which will occur the severest of chastisements. He should take up a shield of good deeds which will safeguard him from it’s heat and malice by the blessing of the Creator of all created things. He should yearn for paradise – wherein the hearts will desire nothing, and the eyes will be delighted. Thus, regarding it (paradise), those who vie with one another, then they should vie with one another in regards to it – and likewise, those who strive, then they should strive for it, and those who yearn, then they should yearn for it. O Allah, save us from your punishment, and enter us into your paradise by your Mercy, and send salutations and peace upon the most noble of your creation.

Written by Muhammad Hayat al-Sindi al-Madani – may Allah, exalted is He, pardon him.

The above image is in the handwriting of Shaykh Muhammad Hayat al-Sindi, may the Mercy of Allah be upon him.

– This wasiyya is found among a manuscript compilation in al-Maktaba al-Wataniyya in Tunisia. Also among the manuscripts is his commentary on 40 hadiths as well as other works.

Image, Wasiyya and Comments Courtesy of Shaykh Nizar Hammadi

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من الشيخ نزار حمادي:

وصية الشيخ العلامة المحدِّث محمد حياة السندي المدني الأشعري (ت1163هـ)

ينبغي للإنسان أن يتعلم أوّلا ما يصحح به اعتقاده، ثم يتعلم ما يقدر به على تحصيل ما يحبُّه الله تعالى من الأعمال والأحوال، واجتناب ما يكرهه من الأفعال، ثم يجتهد في إتيان المأمورات، وترك المنهيات خالصا، لوجه رب المخلوقات، ويبالغ في التوبة والاستغفار من جميع الخطيئات، ويرى نفسه أحقر الموجودات، ويعلم أن مولاه مطلع عليه في جميع الحالات، ويذكر الموت وما يلاقي عنده من السكرات، والقبر وما فيه من الصعوبات، وليتزوَّدْ له أحسن الحسنات، ويذكر النشور من القبور وما يلاقي بعده من الأهوال المنكرات، ولا ينسى الحساب وإعطاء الكتاب، ورجحان الحسنات والسيئات، ولا يغفل عن النار التي فيها أشد العقوبات، وليتخذ جُنَّة من أعمال الخير تقيه حرَّها وشرَّها بفضل خالق المصنوعات، وليتشوق إلى الجَنَّة التي فيها ما تشتهيه الأنفس وتلذ الأعين، ففيها فليتنافس المتنافسون، ولمثلها فليعمل العاملون، وإليها فليشتاق المشتاقون. اللهم نجنا من نقمتك، وأدخلنا جنتك برحمتك، وصل وسلم على أشرف خلقك.

كتبه محمد حياة السندي المدني عفى الله عنه تعالى

هذه صورة لخط الشيخ محمد حياة السندي رحمه الله تعالى

وهذه الوصية توجد ضمن مجموع مخطوط بالمكتبة الوطنية بتونس يتضمن شرح الأربعين له وغير ذلك